The Simple Future
In Spanish, the Simple Future is used in 3 main instances:
1. To express a future action that will happen:
For example: “en agosto iré a Málaga.”
2. To express a prediction about a future event or action:
For example: “lloverá mucho mañana.”
3. To express something that you think is true but are not 100% sure:
For example: “Juan estará contento.”
Formation: Regular verbs
When forming most tenses in Spanish, we remove the -ar, -er or –ir ending of the verb to obtain the stem.
For example: hablar - ar = habl
However, in the Simple Future, instead of removing the stem before adding the new endings, the verb's infinitive acts as the stem.
This means that in order to form the Simple Future, we only need to add the appropriate verb endings to the infinitive.
For example: I will speak = hablaré (hablar = the infinitve and é is the I ending), you will eat - comerás (comer = the infinitive and ás is the you ending).
The endings for each person are as follows:
Here is an example of each type of regular verb:
Formation: Irregular verbs
Some verbs have an irregular future stem, which is used instead of the infinitive form of the verb.
Below is a list of the 12 common verbs that have an irregular Simple Future stem:
caber → cabr
decir → dir
haber → habr
hacer → har
poner → pondr
querer → querr
saber → sabr
tener → tendr
valer → valdr
venir → vendr
All of the irregular Simple Future stems use the same endings as the regular verbs.
*Notebook: The irregular stems are also the same in the Conditional.
Click here to continue to exercises on the Simple Future Tense